Restless legs syndrome is characterized by tingling, electric shocks, tingling, or discomfort in the limbs. To date, there is still no treatment to cure this disorder which affects 8.5% of French people, especially the elderly.
Restless legs syndrome, also known as muscle restlessness wakefulness syndrome, is a disorder that causes mainly sleep when the person is asleep. If the causes of this disease are still unknown and there is no curative treatment, it is necessary to recognize the signs in order to relieve the symptoms.
Symptoms of Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome occurs mainly at night, especially during sleep. The affected person experiences particularly unpleasant sensations, causing a pressing need to move the legs. Here are the symptoms:
Itching: These sensations can also radiate to the arms and head. Generally, both sides of the body are affected by the itch, but this can affect only one side.
Tingling and tingling: A painful and persistent feeling of numbness in your legs and arms.
An impression of “electric shock”: Sometimes the person who suffers from this disorder has the impression of receiving electric shock from the legs.
A constant need to move: The sensations cause an “impatience” responsible for uncontrolled movements.
Worsening syndrome in the evening and at night: During the day, you may not experience any of these symptoms as you go about your daily activities. But when you are still, you immediately feel unpleasant feelings of discomfort.
Difficulty finding sleep: Comfort is compromised and the person may experience insomnia. This results in drowsiness and energy weakness which affects the quality of sleep.
Restless legs syndrome: risk factors
If the mechanisms that cause these symptoms are still unknown, some people may be genetically predisposed to suffer from them. Indeed, and especially when it comes to early forms, the syndrome is all the more evident in the families of the person affected.
Other pathological or physiological conditions can favor the risk of suffering from restless legs syndrome:
- People with diabetes
- People suffering from neurological diseases
- People with kidney failure
- Pregnant women
The manifestation of the disease can also be caused by factors such as iron deficiency with or without anemia or lack of dopamine.
Living with restless legs syndrome
Failing to prevent restless legs syndrome, however, it is possible to lessen the effects and intensity of this disorder. Some simple gestures are to be adopted:
- As soon as you notice the appearance of the first signs, get up, move and walk for a few moments.
- Relax by taking a hot bath. You can also use cold or hot compresses to apply on your legs.
- Massage the members that annoy you
- Practice regular physical activity
- Get adequate sleep while respecting fixed bedtime and wakefulness hours.
- Avoid caffeine
- Balance your diet
Note that certain drugs can exacerbate symptoms, including antihistamines, antidepressants, antidopaminergics, beta-blockers, or neuroleptics.
If you experience these symptoms, it is essential not to trivialize them and to consult a doctor as soon as possible. He will be able to guide you and help you relieve them.